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5S checklist for shop floor Excel

Free 5S Guide & Poster - Increase Workplace Efficienc

This 5S checklist is free, editable and much smarter than any excel, PDF or word template. The 5S workplace organisation method or technique was created for manufacturing, to enable just in time manufacturing and better efficiency in general. Today, the 5S system is used in a number of industries, but it still holds its strength and value for. 5-S Weekly Audit Checklist Area Audited: Comments: Cleaning materials are easily accessible. Floors, walls, and desk sufaces are free of dirt, and excess paper work. Lines, signs, etc., are clean and unbroken. Areas under desks are clear of boxes, bins and personal items. All walls are clean, free of dirt and smudges and holes. Air vents are clean

23. 5S checklists, schedules and routines are defined and being used. 24. Everyone knows his responsibilities, when and how. 25. Regular audits are carried out using checklists and measures. S5 - Sustain - SHITSUKE: 26. 5S seems to be the way of life rather than just a routine. 27. Success stories are being displayed (i.e. before and after. Walkways designated with yellow floor markings? SHINE Keep areas clean and tidy Floors, work surfaces and equipment free of dirt, oil, water and grease? Cleaning performed regularly? Spills properly addressed? 5S Checklist ©2016 Akro-Mils/Myers Industries, Inc. #AKM694 12/16 5S is a Lean technique that involves activities designed to create and maintain a disciplined workplace. It helps create a better working environment and can be implemented to eliminate waste and improve the flow of work. 5S audits are often used to evaluate the performance of 5S implementation in any workplace. This 5S audit checklist will help ensuring that 5S standards and workplace. 5S Audit Checklist. This 5S Audit Checklist is a tool used by area supervisors or plant managers to perform monthly or quarterly audits. As a 5S audit form, this checklist can help ensure that 5S principles and set standards are being followed and implemented by workers. Take and attach photo evidence of workspac 5S is considered to be the secret of Japanese success in continually improving manufacturing plants' productivity, improved safety on the shop floor and enhanced the morale of the employees. Philosophy of 5S Cleaning for Ownership. A Person who cleans and maintains a property becomes the moral owner of it

5S Checklist for Manufacturing (Free template, better than

45SNG: 5s Warehouse Audit Checklist

  1. In case of HUMAN RESOURCES person next checklist may be made. Section One: Task Handover Data format. For this you may prepare 5S Audit Housekeeping Checklist Format For Office In Excel, Red Marking Log, and even more 5S equipment for Low fat Manufacturing, Business office 5S, or any type of 6S or perhaps 5 T lean plan. Download 5S Scorecard
  2. The 5S manufacturing audit checklist. A well-established method in production is the 5S method. This method improves efficiency, quality, order and cleanliness as well as safety at the same time. A checklist is usually also used to carry out this type of audit regularly
  3. g tasks in the retail store and provide risk rating and hazard control measures to be implemented
  4. Safety as 5S+ This 5S guide is comprised of 18 pages with the 3904-word count. Included as Microsoft Word and PDF format. The 5S Kaizen Guide Also Include. A real example of 5S Office Audit Checklist - which you can customize to your business. A simple Shop Floor 5S Audit Checklist - which you can customize to your business
  5. www.creativesafetysupply.com SCORE 1 A member of MANAGEMENT has participated in a 5S activity such as an audit or other activity within the past 3 audit periods. 2 RECOGNITION is given to teams who get involved in 5S activities. 3 TIME AND RESOURCES are allocated to 5S activities (e.g. designated daily/weekly clean-up time, 5S Team Leader). 4 All operators, team leaders, supervisors, etc. are.
  6. 5S is amongst the first and fundamental steps implemented by an enterprise towards the path of implementing Total Quality Management and continuous improvement at the operation level. 5S is a process designed to organize the workplace, keep it clean
  7. Local red tag area is a small area in the shop floor, marked its boundaries with red coloured tape for keeping the red tagged items. It should be easily visible by everyone. Role of Section Heads. Section heads are responsible for implementing 5S

The main objective of this study is to assess the implementation of 5S and development of the 5S Activity Checklist in manufacturing companies. the top management and shop floor employees and. Next, show how 5S can improve efficiency on a small scale by implementing it in an area where employees can see the process and transformation from start to finish. Choose an area that has a history of issues with productivity, organization, or quality, like an office or part of the shop floor COVID-19 Safety Audit Checklist Template This COVID-19 audit checklist template is intended to help manufacturers run shop floor COVID-19 safety audits, self-assessment and visitor audits either as a manual process or are ready for import into a plant floor audit platform such as EASE

Especially if you are doing 5S in other areas like shop floor then you need to show that you are committed too• It will make your office much more effective and efficient working place• Clean and well organized office will boosts your morale• It also lets you experience what a person goes through when he has to change his work spac About 6S Audit Checklist. 6S (popularly known as 5S + 1) Lean Workplace Checklist is a powerful Lean Manufacturing tool that can be used to optimize the workplace and create the 'Visual Factory'.The 6S system focuses on reducing waste by maintaining a clean, uncluttered, well organized and safe workplace After my mixed success at 5s-ing my environment, I decided to play it safe. I volunteered myself to lead a 5s team out on the shop floor. What could possibly go wrong when inserting myself into. Get a step-by-step guide to lasting organizational improvement. This 24-page guide details how a 5S program works so you can start one at your business. Presents information in a simple, shareable format. Includes in-depth explanations of the steps of 5S. Explains 5S's unique red tag strategy. Covers the bonus 6th S, Safety

5S Scorecard Poster -36X48

5S Checklist - AKR0

  1. e whether or not the standards of 5S (Sort, Set-in-Order, Shine, Standardize and Sustain) are being met in a physical manufacturing environment. The types of condition
  2. The 5S check list is a way to audit and sustain organized processes within production. To help guide you on 5S, you can download this Microsoft Excel 5S Check Sheet, and also an in-depth 5S Implementation Plan that discusses the methodology. The implementation plan offers helpful tips and tools for anyone interested in the 5S process
  3. The first step of the Gemba Walk is to see what is happening. This is usually done on the shop floor. When you are doing this, you will discover if employees are motivated and engaged to meet their goals as well as you will be able to see if they have all the tools and resources they need to reach those same goals. Discover what Key Performance.

5S Audit Checklist Continuous Improvement Toolki

Generating the 5S checklist for manufacturing prior to auditing comes in different forms. There are a total of 25 evaluation criteria covering the 5S principles. Such criteria requires to perform work up-to-date and length of time the inventory, materials in queue in the area covering the principles of sorting, straighten, shine, standardize. This is where your 5S floor marking skills will come in handy. If you're not familiar with floor marking principles, learn more on the 60 seconds visual workflow blog article. There are also plenty of great resources in online forums such as lean.org. 7 - Build a prototype and see if it work

5S Audit Checklists SafetyCultur

  1. Download any or all of our 5S Lean forms and templates to help you become visually lean. We have collected an array of articles that offer a variety of continuous improvement ideas and information. You will also find information written by others that we found worth sharing. These articles will provide insights and tips regarding: Visual.
  2. However, an expanded floor marking system that incorporates Lean / 5S and visual workplace concepts, as well as standardizes color-coding, can improve both safety and efficiency. Leaner, more efficient operations. A standardized floor marking color system helps employees associate certain colors with certain areas or actions
  3. ate waste as a means to improve productivity. When developing a culture of continuous improvement, 5S improvement steps mirrors our attitudes and behavioral patterns during the transformation process
  4. ate waste throughout the facility. This, of course, is a very attractive goal that every company will want to take advantage of. Unfortunately, many companies and departments don't properly measure 5S performance, so they have trouble proving whether or not it was successful
  5. Each checklist is downloaded as a Microsoft Word® Document (.docx) or Microsoft Excel® file (.xlsx) and can easily be modified to reflect your own unique operating standards and practices. Restaurant Operations, Training, Personnel & Other Checklists: Download the Customer Service Checklist
  6. 1. Deep clean and inspect floor coatings 2. 3. Clean on and under units Warehouse Interiors Tasks Yes No N/A Comment Check and fix clogs in sink and floor drains Check and repair leaks mold and mildew 1. 2. Bathrooms Tasks Yes No N/A Comment Clean furniture upholstery 1. Steam clean carpets 2. 3. 4. Clean out the break room refrigerator and.
  7. Download 5S Checklist for Offices Template. Excel | Like other lean tools, it works well with shop floor operators but is also suited to facilitating discussions with participants from different levels of the organizational hierarchy. Five Whys can also reveal workers' and management's preconceptions about production conditions

Dec 10, 2017 - 5S AUDIT WORKSHEET 5S Audit Sheet (for workshops) Workshop name: Completed by: Score: Previous Score: Date: 1S No Check item Description Score 0 1 2 3. The best checklist for your workplace is one that has been developed for your specific needs. Whatever the format of the checklist, provide space for the inspectors' signatures and the date. Inspectors: Date: (O)Satisfactory. (X) Requires Action. Location

5S Board - Is this up to date and regularly reviewed? Sub Total Sub Total n Training - Is everyone adequately trained to carry out their job role? Have improvement suggestions from last month been acted upon? Is information to carry out daily work routine clear and in use? Education - Can everyone in the area explain the benefits of 5S » Based upon the five pillars (5S) of the visual workplace in the Toyota Production System » Cleans up and organizes the workplace basically in its existing configuration » Typically the starting point for shop-floor transformation » Provides a methodology for organizing, cleaning, developing, and sustaining a productive work environmen More Than a Checklist. Claiming to have a 5S program is not as simple as having a 5S checklist. 5S is more than a form or a procedure - it is a discipline that needs to be understood, embraced, implemented and continually measured by the workforce for the program to be effective and add value

5s Implementation Plan Template

5S Templates - Find very useful 5S templates and 5S Audit

  1. Standardized Work Instructions. The visual Work Instructions template is the right tool for training new-hires, temporaries, and cross-trained workers — by providing pictures of each step, and written training instructions that are far more detailed than is appropriate for Standard Work Instructions. Download free trial Work Instructions.
  2. Lean leadership checklists should be carried and followed for a large percentage of lean management tasks: Leader Standard Work. template. Team Leaders — 80% of their time should be devoted to completing leader standard work. Department Supervisors — 50%. Value Stream Managers — 25%
  3. Abstract—This paper explores the practical use of the 5S Checklist for environment, housekeeping and health, as well as safety improvement purposes at two manufacturing organizations. The main objective of this study is to assess the implementation of 5S and development of the 5S Activity Checklist in manufacturing companies
  4. A product-specific audit of manufacturing CONTROLS based on the Control Plan (s), following the CP line by line. A basic overview of documentation (all Visual Aids present etc.) as well as lincluding 5S/housekeeping, basic H&S risk assessment. An audit of the operator's work against his/her Operator Instructions, visual aids etc
  5. MACHINE SHOP INSPECTION CHECKLIST 2 PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT YES NO N/A 22. Cutting or cooling fluids, metal chips, scarf or turnings from machine tool work are contained 23. Protective equipment required are appropriate for the jobs and in good condition 24. Operators are dressed safely (no loose-fitting clothing or jewelry
  6. With SmartDraw, you can also create your own 5S diagram, checklist, or audit form. It's simple, intuitive, and will give you a professional-looking result. More Than 70 Other Diagram Types are Included. SmartDraw includes a wide assortment of diagram types and more than 4,900 templates. Use it to create flowcharts, value stream maps, floor.

5S Audit Checklist for Manufacturing Companie

  1. Introduction Keeping up the standard of your store is a crucial part of keeping your customers returning. Learning the basics of health & safety can ensure that your store never runs into any trouble. That's why us over here at Process Street created the Store Audit Checklist. A focus on health & safety makes good business [
  2. Aug 18, 2019 - 5S Audit Checklist Download this form now to evaluate where you are in your 5S Program. Great for just getting started and for checking where you stand in a current 5s Program. Pinterest. Today. Explore. When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by.
  3. THE 5S PRINCIPLES DISCOVERY OF 5S DISCOVERY OF 5S ADVANTAGES OF 5S ADVANTAGES OF 5S ADVANTAGES OF 5S ADVANTAGES OF 5S ADVANTAGES OF 5S ADVANTAGES OF 5S ADVANTAGES OF 5S Lean Production Slide 18 Slide 19 From the operations perspective KINERGARTEN OF ALL THE QC TOOLS Slide 22 1. ORGANISATION(SEIRI) RED TAG TECHNIQUE For wavering items.
  4. The 5S methodology was born at Toyota in the 60s under an industrial environment to achieve better organized, tidier, and cleaner workplaces to increase productivity and to obtain a better working environment. The 5S methodology has been widely spread, and many companies and organizations are implementing it worldwide. Although it is conceptually simple and does not require a complex training.
  5. g more organized. 5S is a small yet powerful concept to effectively manage one's workplace. 5S originated from Japan after World War II and it refers to small changes that lead to large.
  6. ing each process and obedience to the individual specifications and procedures. It helps in maximizing the results of any audit and also assists in staying organized. With proper preparation and with the help of a process audit checklist, the auditor will be able to perform an in-depth analysis in a
  7. Lean & 5S Supplies - Visual Workplace, Inc. Stay Healthy. Stay Safe. Use Masks & Handwashing signage throughout your workplace. Learn more 2021 Product Catalog Download the 2021 Visual Workplace Product Catalog. Download Visual Communications Watch Video. Visual Management Webinars Learn About New Visual Management Solutions. View webinars

Housekeeping Checklist Format For Office In Excel

Floor Marking and 5S. Far more than colorful lines and simple geometric shapes that help mitigate hazards, floor marking is a useful organizational tool that can prove invaluable for anyone designing a straightforward 5S program.In the same way that floor marking can be used to delineate hazards within the workplace, it can also be used as a vivid visual reminder of where tools should be. The 5S Audit Scorecard helps you assess your 5S efforts and identify areas for improvement. Its easy-to-read format breaks the process down into each of the five steps of 5S. It allows you to assign a score for each part of 5S, as well as a median overall score. Download it now and start putting it to use today! 5-Page Audit Scorecard

Lean Shop Floor Checklist - Top 4 KPI to Watch in the

5S Audit Checklist for the Factory - Industrial Lean-News

Audit Checklist in Manufacturing: 11 Templates for FREE

Implementing 5S Methodology: The First Step Toward Workplace Efficiency. 5S is one of the first tools that can be applied in a company that is starting down the path of the continuous improvement culture. A 5S implementation helps to define the first rules to eliminate waste and maintain an efficient, safe, and clean work environment Road to Safety/6S Poster. $34.95. $34.95. $28.95. (You save $6.00) If you emphasize 6S over 5S, this sign is designed for you. An easy and effective way to keep 6S principles on the forefront of your employees minds, which is a key element of sustaining. Also an effective way to notify visitors and higher management... More details The following list of steps gives the short words or phrases that give 5S meaning: S ort. S et in order. S hine (or Scrub in some organizations) S tandardize. S ustain. Implementation of a visual workplace is a way to attain the common goals of Lean Six Sigma, such as reducing the 8 wastes and improving quality Our Manufacturing templates offer a unique digital platform that enables you improve work and communication between all levels of the team. We can help you create the perfect form for your line of work. Use the manufacturer apps to help keep your work order docs organized, manage batch records and keep your shop floor safe. The manufacturing.

Verify 5S work was completed and signed-off by each TM Verify SWIP is in place Plan for next day (coverage for TM's planned time off) Gemba walk with supervisor. Team Leader Standard Work Area: Date: Issues (why was the std. work not followed): Each requires an A3 report Excel templates Here is a link to download excel templates for Gemba Walk: Templates Examples of checklists Level 1 checklist (Team leader to operators) for a welding department The goal is to identify two main categories of problems: 1. Issues that occurred in the past: to help generate new questions in the checklist to prevent those problem OSH Answers Fact Sheets. Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. MORE ABOUT >. Download the free OSH Answers app

Retail Audit Checklists: Free Download SafetyCultur

Gemba Walk Checklist Questions. Once you've determined the theme of your Gemba walk, you'll want to prepare a list of questions to ask employees as you walk around. Places to find ideas for questions include the 7 wastes of Lean, 5S of Kaizen or the 4M's of production. We've included a few sample questions below, grouped into areas like. Aug 18, 2019 - 5S Audit Checklist Download this form now to evaluate where you are in your 5S Program. Great for just getting started and for checking where you stand in a current 5s Program Here is the Sample excel Takt Board for production tracking. The steps to fill out the board are outlined below. Ultimately, the excel sheet is just to show how the board works and the calculations involved. First, enter the amount of units that are scheduled by the hour, shift or work order under the heading Scheduled (Units) CLIENT CHECKLIST - PROCESS CHECKLIST: Either a client checklist or a product/process checklist may be included with the audit. The auditor will review the questions and use the responses to score questions in the survey. SCORING: Scores are assigned based on what is done for the Pro QC client regardless of what is done for other clients. Fo Machine Maintenance checklist template - Free Excel checklist format Machine Maintenance checklist template. Download. When organization working with multiple machinery in single unit, need to proper maintenance to each machine for smooth processes. Every organization knows the values of assess that should be properly maintenance tasks should.

5S Audit Tool - to eliminate the clutter with Sort

How to implement 5S Sort phase - Know Industrial Engineerin

(PDF) Development of 5S practice checklist for

A Lean organization is driven by its standards. Standard Operating Procedures are used for production staff, to describe was needs to be done and how to do it. For supporting functions and managers, defining standard work can be more challenging, especially since their work cannot be planned 100%. What can be captured in the Leader Standard Work or Standard Work for Supporting Functions are. The 5S system is very reliant on visuals, which is where 5S safety products come in. Work areas are often organized by color and products that belong in that area are color-coded to match. This helps employees know which tools belong in each area, setting everything in its place. 5S products can also include tracking charts, red tags, floor. Checklist: Create a simple 5S checklist for the area (creating Standardized Work for the 5S process). Audit: Schedule a periodic audit (first daily, then weekly) to verify that the 5S checklist is being followed. During the audit, update the checklist as needed to keep it current and relevant A daily checklist is one of the great and productive time management tools that not only provides a list of tasks but also tells a user that what amount of works is still to be done. Prioritizing day to day tasks and works is the key to success in every field of life as well as to chase your daily goals efficiently and a daily checklist helps a. Production meetings take place with employees on the shop floor to determine production needs and delivery dates. Employees are empowered so that the first person who knows about a problem is the one who can and does take action. Employees understand how to meet the needs of the customer and are really empowered to make it happen

Tier 1: Start of shift, led by production team leader with production team. The idea is to focus on abnormalities. That's an opportunity to get better. Tier 2: Led by supervisor with production team leaders and any dedicated support group representatives. Tier 3: Led by value stream manager or equivalent with supervisors and support group. Create a team and visit to shop floor or a place where the problem occurred. Step-2. GEMBUTSU. Examine the objects. Examine the machine /tools /equipment / non-conforming pats to know the clues. Step-3. GENJITSU. Check the real facts. Collect the data and analyse it — Checklist 10-4: Spas and Hot Tubs: All Installations — Checklist 10-5: Spas and Hot Tubs: Indoor Installations Only — Checklist 10-6: Fountains — Checklist 10-7: Therapeutic Pools and Tubs — Checklist 10-8: Hydromassage Bathtubs 9781284041835_Checklist.indd 2 1/29/14 2:04 PM Sample Daily Cleaning Plant Checklist.You can add or amend points as per plant requirements. Please go thru the attachment. Very practical to maintain good House-Keeping. House- keeping Daily Check List (Chemical Plants) Place Moto Checking Points Responsibility Accountability A Time Office and All Toilets Regular cleaning. 1 Urinal/Toilet pots and toilet floor should be [ THE FIVE STEPS OF GOOD MAINTENANCE- 5S In Japanese, 5S is the short form of five words which present the concept of good maintenance. Fig. 2. KAIZEN - 5S The definitions and significance of the five words [Fig. 2] are given below: • SEIRI - Sorting - making the difference between necessary and useless things in GEMBA, giving u

Implementing 5S. Often, companies mistakenly view 5S as a housekeeping activity. Housekeeping is housekeeping, not 5S. 5S is a visual system and a system for engaging employees. 5S must be a team effort and the results must enable anyone to tell at a glance what is right and what is out of place. It also must make doing the work easier Introduction Having a warehouse safety checklist to run every month might seem like a pain, but it beats paying $82.5 million in a lawsuit following from flouting safety regulations. Instead, just use this checklist to check that everything in your warehouse is up to standard and that your employees are safe and sound. From surface [ Download our Ultimate Lean Six Sigma Template Toolkit or become a Go-Getter Member and get the PDF along with 30+ courses and all of our downloads! Get the Templates. Become a Go-Getter. Problem Solving. Change Management The Gemba Board is a Visual Management Tool that is very effective both in terms of monitoring as well as in terms of communicating what is happening in the workplace. One of the main advantages of using a Gemba Board is the fact that with this tool, you will be allowing everyone to know exactly where the problem relies on, what everyone is. Feb 4, 2020 - 5s Audit Checklist - 866-777-1360 or www.creativesafetysupply.co

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is a system designed to stabilize equipment performance and reliability. The primary goals of TPM are to eliminate waste caused by accidents, emergency and unscheduled downtime, defects and speed losses. TPM achieves this through proactive maintenance and improvement of the integrity of production, safety and. Kamishibai is the Japanese tool used for mini-audits. The goal of the mini-audit is to check if the current standards are still valid, kept and help the team in finding the next improvement (Niederstadt, 2013). The kamishibai is in my opinion one of the most important lean tools, because it can support a lean culture in various ways. It can be used by management at gemba walks, help sustaining. June 12, 2020. Six Sigma SIPOC - Supplier Input Process Output Customer - Excel Download. June 11, 2020. Failure Mode Effects Analysis - FMEA Template for Excel. May 10, 2020. Cause and Effect Diagram (aka Ishikawa Diagram or Fishbone) - PowerPoint Download. June 14, 2018

This checklist is a high-level template to help upper management get started with Gemba walks. As you become more familiar with Gemba walks, you'll want to create checklists specific to: > Theme: Each Gemba walk should focus on a specific theme, whether it's the 7 wastes, 5S, 4M, productivity, customer service, safety or cost Make sure your warehouse and factory cleaning checklist includes monthly routines for different areas of the property. While most of these jobs can be taken care of by in-house teams, you may want to outsource bigger projects. Warehouse Interiors. Deep-clean and inspect floor coatings throughout warehouse workspaces The 5s principle is most beneficial in scenarios where a company has to deal with complex working processes and asset management, therefore, it is mostly used in manufacturing. It originates from five Japanese words Seiri, Seiton, Seisō, Seiketsu, Shitsuke, which translates as sort, set, shine, standardize, and sustain ‎The most comprehensive and practical explanation of Lean concepts and tools made for the shop floor is now available with all the necessary Excel worksheets for you to implement the tools and concepts easier and faster than ever before. The New and Improved Lean Pocket Guide (Revised Edition 2017)

Introduce also a checklist which helps later on for step number five. Five means: Sustain. Sustain improvement over time. Ensure that everybody follows a standard. It's the key thing that there are no deviations. So remember, to sustain 5S, there's a cultural change needed. That's why you should involve all shop floor employees from the beginning 5s. Stages ? 'Stages' here means the number of divisions or graphic elements in the slide. For example, if you want a 4 piece puzzle slide, you can search for the word 'puzzles' and then select 4 'Stages' here. We have categorized all our content according to the number of 'Stages' to make it easier for you to refine the results Awesome Kaizen idea sheet in Excel. Today I'm going to show you exactly how to create an awesome Kaizen Idea template in Excel. Identifying, reviewing and acting on improvement opportunities is one of the fundamentals of Continuous improvement. There is always room to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of a process

Gemba, a Japanese word, is part of the lean community vernacular. It means the shop floor or where the work is done. The word lean has become synonymous with continuous improvement. So a lean safety gemba walk is a walk on the shop floor that focuses on the continuous improvement of safety. The walks have ranged from one-on-one events with. Procedure For 5s Auditing Improvement. Practical Implementation Of 5s Method. 5s Manufacturing Assessment Communication Plan Template. Pilot Checklist Project Management Professional Visual. 5s Implementation Guidebook 8 Steps Of 5s Implementation. Maintenance Schedule Template Preventive Maintenance Checklist Go and see happens to be a key principle of many production system today. The best way to understand this truly is by seeing what happens on the shop floor. For that, you will have to go there. It is here that the value will be added and here the wastage shall also be observed. Go and see can effectively help you solve problems Leader Standard Work requires a whole new mindset in your leader's routines. It takes the leader from the boss's chair to the coaches corner, promoting a show, not tell type of attitude. When leaders mimic the behavior they wish to see, it gives everyone else an example that they can use to establish their own actions for best practices