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Hubble Telescope size comparison

Primary Mirror Size Comparison Between Webb and Hubbl

The James Webb Space Telescope primary mirror is 6.5 meters (21 feet 4-inches) across. The Hubble Space Telescope primary mirror is 2.4 meters (8-feet) across. The Webb Telescope's longest segment is its sunshield at 21.18 meters (69.5 feet) long. The Hubble Space Telescope is 13.2 meters (43.5 feet) long Mirror size comparison between HST and JWST. Credit: NASA. Hubble Space Telescope: James Webb Space Telescope: Named after: Edwin Powell Hubble: James Edwin Webb: Launch date: April 24, 1990: March 30, 2021 (Planned) Launch site: Kennedy Space Center (LC-39B) Guiana Space Centre (Kourou ELA-3 This comparison image of the core of the galaxy M100 shows the dramatic improvement in Hubble Space Telescope's view of the universe after the first Hubble Servicing Mission in December 1993. The left image of spiral galaxy M100 is a view from Hubble's original WFPC-1 camera in wide-field mode on Nov. 27, 1993, just a few days prior to the STS. The crisp, stunning images from the Hubble Space Telescope are a wonder to behold. As one can see in the image comparison below, Hubble's views are significantly higher resolution than similar images obtained by ground-based observatories. Terrestrial telescopes must look through Earth's atmosphere, which blurs the view and limits their resolution Here are some basic facts about the telescope and the mission, courtesy of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), which operates Hubble for NASA: Telescope size: Length: 43.5 feet (13.2.

Webb would have a main mirror with a diameter of 6.5 meters, which will allow it a significantly greater focus area than the mirrors found on our current range of space telescopes. Hubble's mirror is 2.4 meters in diameter, which is somewhat smaller with an equivalent reflection size of 4.5 m², giving Webb about 6.25 times more reflection area The Hubble telescope is a reflecting telescope so the size of its aperture is equal to the size of its primary mirror, which is 2.4 meters (7 feet, 10.5 inches). It is so large that it has an automated door attached to it At the time of its launch in 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope cost $4.7 billion (equivalent to $9,310,200,000 in 2020). Hubble features a 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) mirror, and its four main instruments observe in the ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum It's a logical question. After all, it would be handy if every time the Hubble Space Telescope went on the fritz, an astronaut could reach out the window of the space station and give it a whack

Compared: Hubble Space Telescope and James Webb Space

The reason being that Hubble itself is more than 25 years old and the ACS Wide Field camera is almost 15 years old. As far as cell phones are concerned, the cameras on Hubble are some dated technology. Where Hubble outdoes your pocket camera is in its aperture size and the fact it is in space. $\endgroup$ - zephyr Aug 29 '16 at 15:3

Hubble's Mirror Flaw NAS

The Hubble Ultra Deep Field is an image of a small area of space in the constellation Fornax, created using Hubble Space Telescope data from 2003 and 2004. By collecting faint light over many hours of observation, it revealed thousands of galaxies, both nearby and very distant, making it the deepest image of the universe ever taken at that time This is a Stocktrek Images licensable image titled 'Hubble Space Telescope and James Webb Space Telescope size comparison.'. You may not copy, publish, or use this image except for sample layout ('comp') use only. You must purchase the image from Stocktrek Images in order to use it for ANY other purpose The James Webb Space Telescope vs. Hubble in size (main) and vs. an array of other telescopes Compare that with Hubble, which — although it was designed for a 10-year mission,. The James Webb Space Telescope vs. Hubble in size (main) and vs. an array of other telescopes (inset) in terms of wavelength and sensitivity. Its power is truly unprecedented, and will reveal the. Infrared will allow us to observe more closely the infant galaxies, stars and planets in the dust of the universe, rather than the toddler ones that Hubble has picked up [source: James Webb Space Telescope]. The JWST is also quite a bit larger. While the Hubble is the size of a school bus, the JWST takes up a space the size of a tennis court

Angular Resolution and What Hubble Can't See - Illuminated

  1. ated by the star..
  2. Its primary mirror (over 21 feet in diameter) is far larger than that of Hubble (8 feet). The new telescope's coverage area is more than 7 times as compared to that of Hubble. Moreover, it uses a..
  3. The Hubble Space Telescope is deployed on April 25, 1990 from the Space Shuttle Discovery. but it pales in comparison to the observatory's later masterpieces. The size scale of the.
  4. About This Image. This picture shows a comparison of images of the same region of the sky obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys (right) and the Subaru 8 meter telescope's Supreme camera. The region is an area from the GOODS North field. Both images are color composites obtained by combining three monochromatic.
  5. Webb will have a 21-foot-diameter (6.5-meter-diameter) primary mirror. Hubble's mirror is about 8 feet (2.4 meters) in diameter. Note the human figure for scale
  6. The images are shown at the proper relative size, but not the correct relative distance from each other. Uranus is approximately 31,000 miles (50,000 kilometers) in diameter, or about four times the size of Earth. The Earth is approximately 7,900 miles (12,800 kilometers) in diameter, or about four times the diameter of the Moon, 2,100 miles.

ONE OF THE UNBELIEVABLE CREATIONS OF MAN IS HUBBLE - All About UniverseThis video tells about the functioning of Hubble.This is also the most satisfying vide.. This NASA site does a great visual comparison of the two telescopes. The gist is that Webb will be larger, focus on the infrared spectrum as opposed to visible light, will be 1.5 million kilometres away from earth as opposed to Hubble that orbits at only around 570 kilometres. James Webb Telescope size comparison The bottom row (below the dashed line) compares pixel sizes. Ideally you'd like to maximize field of view and minimize pixel size. Top row: the fields of view for five Hubble instruments are compared. Bottom row: single pixel sizes for four of the instruments. STIS: Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph

When compared to the Hubble (launched in April 1990), which only has a single mirror measuring 2.4 meters (7.9 ft) and a total light collecting area of 4.5m 2 (48 sq ft), the JWST utterly dwarfs the HST in both physical size and optical resolution Launched from space shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope orbits at an altitude of about 350 miles (560 kilometers). The telescope is 43.5 feet (13.2 meters) long, weighs. Hubble is 13.2 meters (43.5 ft.) long and its maximum diameter is 4.2 meters (14 ft.) It is about the size of a large tractor-trailer truck. James Webb's sunshield is about 22 meters by 12 meters (69.5 ft x 46.5 ft). It's about half as big as a 737 aircraft. The sunshield is about the size of a tennis court The images in the column on the left are from observatories, whilst those on the right are from the Hubble Telescope.. Apart from all the images being very similar (or identical), they are often composites of 3 or more pictures each captured through a separate light filter and then processed further. On top of that, since NASA fake stars and obviously entire images of machines.

Hubble Space Telescope: Pictures, Facts & History Spac

A Telescope Aperture: Is the diameter of the light allowing lens or mirror. Example; a 100mm telescope could have a diameter tube of 115mm, but the lens, or opening that allows light is only 100mm . OK, let's find out the differences in the styles of telescopes and what size aperture makes the best telescope for you Artist's concept of the overall size comparison of the Webb (left) and Hubble (right) telescopes. Image via GSFC/ NASA The Hubble Space Telescope orbits 547 kilometres (340 miles) above Earth and travels 8km (5 miles) every second. Inclined 28.5 degrees to the equator, it orbits the Earth once every 97 minutes. It's possible to track the Hubble Space Telescope's location in real-time here Hubble is 2.4 meters in diameter and designed in the 1970s. We are talking 21st century stuff here, Cash told CBS News. The size of Hubble was limited by the space shuttle that took it to orbit.

HubbleSite - Hubble's Universe Unfiltered - AngularComparison of Ground and ACS Images of NGC 3370 | ESA/Hubble

3 HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE SCIENCE AND DISCOVERIES 3-1 3.1 Planets 3-1 3.2 Stellar Evolution 3-4 4.4.1 Comparison of WF/PC II and Faint Object Camera 4-20 twice the size of Earth's solar system; each tail stretches 100 billion miles That line going out the top right, that's a selfie stick. The Hubble space telescope took this picture. 1. level 1. EthBitTrader. · 6m. For the cost of 45 minutes of war they could bring it back down and plant it beside the apollos and space shuttles instead of letting it burn up during reentry. 1 For comparison, the Hubble Space Telescope has a resolution of only 0.05 arcsec due to it's position outside the atmosphere and its size of around 2.5 meter. I show the effect of seeing in the images above. The top one is a picture taken by a 2.2 meter (so similar to HST) telescope in Chile from the Combo-17 survey Hubble's optical system is held together by a truss system 17.5 feet in length and 9.5 feet in diameter. The whole optical unit weighs just 252 pounds because it is made of the space-age material graphite epoxy, the same material used in many of the latest golf clubs, tennis rackets, and bicycles > We are talking about a mega big space telescope versus amateur gear on the ground No doubt Hubble has been a game changer for astronomy. Keeping that in mind, it's still very counterintuitive that despite Hubble having a cumulative cost north of $10 billion, this amateur setup of under $10k (guessing) does extremely well next to it

The James Webb Telescope vs Hubble Telescope: Compare

In simple terms, the telescope aperture size is the measurement of the diameter of the primary light-gathering lens or mirror. A larger lens or mirror is capable of gathering more light from the viewed object, which means that the telescope is able to provide a brighter and sharper image. Refracting Telescope. For a refracting type telescope. A telescope more than 40 times the area of Hubble is currently being designed. If things go according to plan, it could be NASA's flagship mission of the 2030s This diagram compares Hubble Space Telescope observations of two hot Jupiter-class planets orbiting very closely to different sun-like stars. Astronomers measured how light from each parent star is filtered through each planet's atmosphere. HAT-P-38 b did have a water signature indicated by the absorption-feature peak in the spectrum THE Hubble Space Telescope (HST) was deployed from the space shuttle Discovery on April 25, 1990 into a low Earth orbit (LEO) with an approximate altitude of 569 km and inclination of 28.5 . Although its primary 2.4-m diameter mirror is not large in comparison to ground-based telescopes the advantages of being in orbit have contributed to its. May 25, 1999: The Hubble Space Telescope Key Project Team today announced that it has completed efforts to measure precise distances to far- flung galaxies, an essential ingredient needed to determine the age, size and fate of the universe. Right: A NASA Hubble Space Telescope (HST) view of the magnificent spiral galaxy NGC 4603, the most distant galaxy in which a special class of pulsating.

The Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) will be installed on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during Servicing Mission 4 in 2003. It is designed to ensure that the superb imaging performance of HST is maintained through the end of the mission. WFC3 takes advantage of recent developments in detector technology to provide new and unique capabilities for HST About Compare Webb and Hubble Largest Telescope in Space. Webb will be the largest telescope ever placed in space; 100 times more powerful than Hubble. So big it has to fold origami-style to fit in the rocket and will unfold like a Transformer in space. Size: Webb is about half the size of a 737 yet less than 8% of the mass of a 737. It. Hubble is the world's most powerful space telescope, but it's getting old. It launched into orbit in 1990. It has photographed the births and deaths of stars, spotted new moons circling Pluto, and tracked two interstellar objects zipping through our solar system. Its observations have allowed astronomers to calculate the age and expansion of the universe and to peer at galaxies formed shortly. In the meantime, Hubble was making observations of galaxies with the 2.5-meter telescope on Mt. Wilson, which was then the world's largest. Hubble carried out the key observations in collaboration with a remarkable man, Milton Humason, who dropped out of school in the eighth grade and began his astronomical career by driving a mule train up. Hubble telescope reveals rare, glorious views of six different galaxies colliding It takes a medium-size telescope to find it. This doesn't compare to the masses of the star clusters.

Telescope Aperture Explained: Does Size Really Matter

A) Incorrect. Although the passage draws a comparison between H.G. Wells' notion of time travel with Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity, the passage goes on to discuss the Hubble Space Telescope as a time machine. B) Correct. The passage discusses the construction of the Hubble Space Telescope as a too The 6-inch aperture and 25mm Plossl eyepiece give you n powerful magnification of 60x to 459x level of magnification. This telescope ranks highly exceptional in comparison to others of the same range in terms of tech used in it. The software of this telescope has a 40,000-object database That is why the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, to get above the Earth's atmosphere. In fact, the Hubble has a mirror diameter of only 2.4 meters, compared to the Keck telescopes' 10 m diameter, yet the Hubble has about 10 times better resolution that the Keck. Lecture Question #1. Detectors and Image Processing The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is an 11-ton device that's the size of a bus. It orbits the Earth at an altitude of 340 miles, or around 100 miles above the International Space Station, and.

When the Hubble was built in the 1970s and 1980s, it was to be the clearest view we could get of the heavens in the visible and near infrared bands. The reason was that, although we had built 5 meter telescopes, we could not get clear images becau.. D uring its 25 years of peering out at the farthest depths of the Universe, the Hubble Space Telescope has enabled humanity to witness countless amazing sites from here on Earth. Here we present the Hubble Top 100 list. It has been compiled, and is regularly reviewed, by staff of ESA/Hubble.A couple of quick notes before we get you to all the amazing images though

Hubble has made more than 1.3 million observations since its mission began in 1990 and helped publish more than 15,000 scientific papers. It orbits Earth at a speed of about 17,000mph (27,300kph. When Galaxies Collide: Hubble Showcases 6 Beautiful Galaxy Mergers. 7 January 2021. To celebrate a new year, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has published a montage of six beautiful galaxy mergers. Each of these merging systems was studied as part of the recent HiPEEC survey to investigate the rate of new star formation within such systems

If using the Hubble's Law EXCEL spreadsheet, follow these directions:. Right-click Hubble's Law Spreadsheet and open it or choose to save the target on the computer you are using. Ignore all errors (#div by 0, NaN, *****, negative numbers, all values being the same, etc.) shown on the spreadsheet as they will all disappear once you start entering your data This first Hubble image was much clearer than a telescope on the ground, but it pales in comparison to the observatory's later masterpieces. Hubble has come a long way over the last 31 years, though

Hubble Space Telescope Backup Mirror. This is the backup primary mirror for the Hubble Space Telescope manufactured by the Eastman Kodak Company. The blank for this mirror was fabricated by the Corning Glass Works using their high silicon Ultra Low Expansion Glass (ULE 7971) The Hubble Space Telescope was launched into low-earth orbit in 1990 with an even older computer. Over the next 13 years it received upgrades and repairs from astronauts on five different visits from America's Space Shuttle. But now in 2021, NASA continues to work on resolving an issue with the payload computer on the Hubble Space Telescope, reports SciTechDaily — though The telescope. NASA's Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope team recently flight-certified all 24 of the detectors the mission needs. When Roman launches in the mid-2020s, these devices will convert starlight into electrical signals, which will then be decoded into 300-megapixel images of large patches of the sky

Photos: 31 years of Hubble telescope images. This is a detailed look at the section of a slowly expanding supernova, or the remains of an exploded star. Hubble took this image in 2015 of the Veil. April 24 marks the 30th anniversary of the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope. To celebrate, we've selected 10 of the most beautiful images it has captured Dragon Size Comparison Shows How Big the... Nerdist - Matthew Hart. Billionaire Tax Cheat Travels to Space for... truthout.org - William Rivers Pitt. Dark stars: The first stars in the universe. space.com - All About Space magazine. First taken by the Hubble Telescope in 1995, the Deep Field is a series of pictures of a black spot of. The Hubble Space Telescope has powered on once again. NASA was able to successfully switch to a backup computer on the observatory on Friday following weeks of computer problems. From a report: On June 13, Hubble shut down after a payload computer from the 1980s that handles the telescope's science..

Space telescope comparison. The size of the primary mirror is the key to a telescope's sensitivity: the bigger it is, the more light it collects, and the fainter the objects it sees. It also determines the telescope's ability to distinguish fine details. The surface of the mirror is very important, too Comparison 1: Size of Opening Students work in pairs for this and the following activities. How other factors affecting the telescope. The Hubble Space Telescope, free from vibrations as it floats in space, can take exposures that are many hours long! The human eye does not have a shutter The Hubble and Webb Space Telescopes will be complementary observatories, and Webb will build upon many of Hubble' amazing discoveries. The two spacecraft differ in their size, shape, orbital distance from the Earth, and wavelength coverage of light. Credits:NASA, J. Olmsted . Keywords: Webb Mission Hubble Missio Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have conducted the first spectroscopic survey of Earth-sized planets in the TRAPPIST-1 system's habitable zone. News conference images and videos See the TRAPPIST-1 gallery of art and animations at Caltech's Spitzer telescope site, as of Feb 2017 Given the small size of the telescope, and the excellent alignment hardware for the primary mirror, this takes only 1-2 minutes max. Final Assessment of the Hubble Optics UC14 package The design of the rocker box is very elegant: it is light, but with weighting achieves motion control comparable to an Obsession Classic

Comparison: Webb vs Hubble Telescope - Webb/NASA

Jan. 7, 2015: Although NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has taken many breathtaking images of the universe, one snapshot stands out from the rest: the iconic view of the so-called Pillars of Creation.The jaw-dropping photo, taken in 1995, revealed never-before-seen details of three giant columns of cold gas bathed in the scorching ultraviolet light from a cluster of young, massive stars. > We are talking about a mega big space telescope versus amateur gear on the ground No doubt Hubble has been a game changer for astronomy. Keeping that in mind, it's still very counterintuitive that despite Hubble having a cumulative cost north of $10 billion, this amateur setup of under $10k (guessing) does extremely well next to it For comparison, the Hubble Space Telescope's primary mirror is 7 feet, 10.5 inches across. In this photo, engineers and scientists examine the sunshield layers back in 2014 This comparison image of the core of the galaxy M100 shows the dramatic improvement in the Hubble Space Telescope's view of the universe after the first servicing mission in December 1993. The original view, taken a few days before the servicing mission, is on the left

Moon/Vesta size comparison | ESA/Hubble

Images captured by NASA Hubble Space Telescope show Jupiter's atmosphere in a new light. Scientists processed them to allow interactive side-by-side comparison of the various views of the. In this manner, several hundred thousand stars can be searched for Jupiter-size and smaller planets in roughly 1 week of Hubble Space Telescope observing time. Courtesy of STScI/NASA. Similarly, most of the stars targeted by the Kepler mission are too faint for effective imaging with ground-based adaptive optics systems While Hubble hovers 300 miles above Earth, the James Webb telescope will be one million miles out. For comparison, the moon orbits the Earth at just 238,900 miles Webb also has a much bigger mirror than Hubble, explains the Webb telescope site: This larger light-collecting area means that Webb can peer farther back into time than Hubble is capable of doing. Figure 13: In celebration of Halloween, this new image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope captures two galaxies of equal size in a collision that appears to resemble a ghostly face. This observation was made on 19 June 2019 in visible light by the telescope's ACS (Advanced Camera for Surveys)

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) was launched from the space shuttle in 1990 and has operated continuously in orbit for the past 14 years. HST was designed to be serviced by astronauts, and a series of four shuttle servicing missions from 1993 to 2002 replaced nearly all the key components except the original telescope mirrors and support structure The 1995 Hubble Deep Field is one of the telescope's most famous images. It is a composite of 342 separate exposures in UV, blue, red, and IR light taken over 10 days using the Hubble's Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2. Capturing such faint, faraway galaxies helped push our knowledge of the universe's evolution farther back in time About WFC3 Southern Crab Nebula imaged by WFC3 - Hubblesite.org. The Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) is a fourth-generation UVIS/IR imager aboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST).WFC3 was installed in May 2009 during HST servicing mission 4, and replaces the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2).. WFC3 is designed to ensure that HST maintains its powerful imaging capabilities until the end of its. A 20 cm telescope resolves details 0.5 arcsec in size. A 1 meter telescope resolves 0.1 arcsec. Hubble has an aperture (diameter) of 2.4 m, so its resolving power is 0.04 arcsec. The minimum distance between Earth and Mars is about 55 million km and it only happens very rarely. The maximum distance is 400 mil km

The best images of Pluto taken by the Hubble Space Telescope are a series of blurred shots just a few pixels across. Compare these with the stunning images of galaxies millions of light years away The Hubble Space Telescope As Cosmic-Ray Detector. Astronomers, using Hubble Space Telescope as a particle detector, have traced cosmic rays flowing in Earth's geomagnetic field. The Hubble Space Telescope requires little or no introduction. For more than three decades, the telescope has stood at the forefront of astronomical research, while. 94K. Hi-res. Comparison of ground-based observation of the globular cluster M4 with an HST image showing white dwarfs. (Produced with the Wide-Field Planetary Camera 2, Hubble Space Telescope.) Caption. STScI-PRC95-32. 111K. First direct look, in visible light, at a lone neutron star (RX J185635-3754) The James Webb Space Telescope is set to pick up the observing baton from previous missions like the Kepler Space Telescope, the Spitzer Space Telescope and, of course, the incredible Hubble Space Telescope.. Once launched, JWST will travel over 1.5 million km to a gravitationally stable outpost called Lagrange 2 (L2) But the sights we are treated to on Earth can hardly compare to the mind-boggling displays that have just been captured on Jupiter. The Hubble Space Telescope has photographed aurora displays the size of our own planet atop our solar system's giant, Jupiter

Interactive image comparison of Gemini infrared data with Hubble ultraviolet data The Gemini North observations were made possible by the telescope's location within the Maunakea Science Reserve, adjacent to the summit of Maunakea , acknowledges the observation team's leader, Mike Wong of the University of California, Berkeley Billed as the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope, the JWST is the largest space observatory ever built. Its gigantic sunshield base measures a massive 22m by 12m, roughly the same size as a tennis court. Although nearly twice as big as Hubble (which is only 13m long), the JWST is almost half the weight at 6,500kg The Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) was installed in the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) on 2002 March 7, during Servicing Mission 3B, in the axial bay previously occupied by the Faint Object Camera.ACS was built in a collaborative effort between the Johns Hopkins University, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corporation, the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), and the Space Telescope. NASA is launching the James Webb Telescope in 2021 in order to replace it, though not immediately. NASA hopes that Hubble will continue to function well into the 2020s. This is a side-by-side comparison of the two telescopes, Hubble on the left and James Webb on the right. Essentially, the James Webb is going to be bigger and better than Hubble.

The telescope is about the size of a large school bus, weighs 24,500 pounds (equal to about two adult elephants, according to NASA), and gathers energy from the sun using two 25-foot solar. For comparison, the top picture was taken by Hubble on December 1, 1994 and shows the rings in a more familiar configuration for Earth observers. The bottom picture was taken shortly before the ring plane crossing. The rings do not disappear completely because the edge of the rings reflects sunlight Using NASA's Hubble telescope, astronomers have observed an exoplanet that may have had two completely separate atmospheres in its lifetime.The exoplanet (that is, a planet outside our solar. We present the first comprehensive analysis of Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of short-duration gamma-ray burst (GRB) host galaxies. These observations allow us to characterize the galactic and local environments of short GRBs as a powerful constraint on the nature of their progenitors. Using the HST data for 10 short GRB hosts, we determine the host morphological properties.

The Pillars of Creation — visible and infrared comparisonAristarchus Depth Comparison | ESA/HubbleWhy is our sun so big compared to the average star in the

The James Webb Space Telescope vs. Hubble in size (main) and vs. an array of other telescopes [+] (inset) in terms of wavelength and sensitivity. Its power is truly unprecedented, and will reveal the Universe in a wavelength band and at a resolution that's unmatched by any past or present telescope, on the ground or in space The real possibilities of the Hubble telescope, of course, were evident only after the 1993 refurbishment mission on STS-61, which installed optics to correct the images for the two spectrographs and Faint-Object Camera, plus replacing WF/PC with WFPC2. We reobserved the area around 53W002, to prove the structure of this weak, distant radio. Hubble Telescope. The Hubble Space Telescope ( HST) is a space telescope that was carried into orbit by a space shuttle in 1990. The HST was built by the United States space agency NASA, with contributions from the European Space Agency, and is operated by the Space Telescope Science Institution. It is named after the astronomer Edwin Hubble